Royal Belum Rainforest and the World’s Largest Flower

The only rainforest where all 10 of Malaysia’s hornbill species is found in the Land of Hornbills, Sarawak, Borneo Belum-Temeggor Forest Complex, in the peninsular state of Perak. I had ambitions of getting lucky and have a flight of hornbills pass overhead while jungle trekking. Or something. Plus, you can also find the rafflesia flower here.

So when I thought about where I would go to in a long weekend trip to Perak, I decided to book myself into the Belum Rainforest Resort. I chose this resort because of its sustainability credentials, which Green Pearls has by now conveniently reviewed and certified. Most resorts don’t really go beyond the tepid ‘please re-use towels’. It’s not often that I find a resort that takes sustainability seriously right from the design stage.

Belum Rainforest Resort

bunker chic | industrial chic | rainforest chic | Belum Rainforest Resort | Royal Belum State Park | Perak | MalaysiaBelum Rainforest Resort is a sprawling resort built on Pulau Banding, an island in the middle of the river separating Royal Belum State Park from civilisation. This was to discourage wildlife incursion into the resort grounds. At the same time it maintains a distance for the impacts associated with the resort’s activities.

I liked the architecture of this resort. It has a kind of a concrete-bamboo rainforest-industrial-bunker chic. It predated Malaysia’s uptake of the hipster-industrial aesthetic in interior decorating, so it was novel when I saw it.

Belum Rainforest Resort | Royal Belum State Park | Perak | Malaysia

Comfort and luxury by the rainforest

There are different buildings in the grounds including the more conventional chalets and villas. I, however, stayed in one of the hotel rooms in the multi-level buildings. These were actually quite cool, albeit difficult to photograph. They were in short blocks, connected to each other via an open air network of catwalks and platforms. Some of the platforms would have a lounge area with games, or be an open air library.

River Excursion and Hikes

houseboat | Belum Rainforest Resort | Royal Belum State Park | Perak | Malaysia

Yes, you can book this as accommodation

The resort has a bunch of nature activities you can join. I had only one full day, so I took a river excursion that basically covers the bases, including (of course) rafflesia spotting.

In the morning I wandered down to the jetty. The excursion group would meet the nature guides for a briefing, before we began. There was some kerfuffle concerning whether there were enough river boats and there were hints that we might have to take the houseboat instead. It would be slower and so the tour would take longer but… hey it’s a river houseboat!

However in the end the guides determined that there were in fact enough riverboats (boo!). So the briefing began and then we split up and boarded the boats with our respective guides.

Pulau Banding bridge | Belum rainforest | Royal Belum State Park | Perak | Malaysia

Bridge to Pulau Banding.

Nature guides

It had been a long time since I’ve taken a nature tour in my own country. I was pleased and pleasantly surprised to find the guides were very good. They were articulate, confident, knowledgeable, fit, and handle groups well. All local – which was part of the sustainability principles. I felt quite proud.

I remember the lead guide in particular was fluent in English – city fluent. It emerged that he was once a bank officer or something in the big city – a professional office job which made his parents happy. [Pause for all Asian readers to nod in understanding]. But after some time, he quit that job to do full time what he really loved, world travelling nature guiding. He did not explain whether his parents have been discharged from the ICU yet.

I remember watching the young men shepherding their groups, taking charge and explaining what we were seeing, and thinking: these guys, if they had been made to work in the towns and cities at some ‘clean’ office job, would they be as self-assured and confident? Here, they were near the outdoors they enjoyed, and they looked like they felt empowered.

People should to be able to make a living, where they are happy.

Rafflesia – the Largest Flower in the World

That says it all, really.

Rafflesia bud | Royal Belum State Park | Perak tourism | Malaysia

Rafflesia bud

The rafflesia flower is not particularly (ok, at all) beautiful. Neither was it fragrant, unless you were looking for rotting flesh. I hope not, since this would mean one of only two things: that you probably should use the search engine to look for some medical therapy instead of reading my blog, or that flies – the rafflesia’s insect pollinator – can now read.

However, the rafflesia is the largest flower in the world. Normally more associated with the Bornean states of Sabah and Sarawak, it is less known that actually you can also find them in the peninsula. One of the locations is in the Royal Belum State Park.

Rafflesia spotting

Rafflesia spotting | Royal Belum State Park | Perak tourism | Malaysia

First stop of the excursion – rafflesia spotting

The riverboat made a landing at a kind of sandy cove. A black gap in the trees was where the hiking trail begin.

The trees closed over the trail, in the typical way of the rainforest. The morning sunlight was buffered throughout the trail, but occasionally it spears through to wash the forest floor with shafts of light.

It was not a long hike, nor a difficult one. Before long we came to the clearing where the rafflesia were.

The guide explained that at the moment there were no rafflesia in full bloom, as he sifted through the leaf litter to locate the flowers. However, all the other stages – from budding to withered – were represented.

Withered rafflesia | Royal Belum State Park | Perak tourism | Malaysia

Withered rafflesia

The salt lick

We hiked back to the boat and went to the next stop along the river. There was a similar short hike through the jungle to the salt lick.

I don’t remember very much about the botany that the guide explained along the way. However, I did think this procession of ants was kind of interesting – even if it makes your skin crawl a bit.

The salt lick that we came to was not the typical salt lick, on the ground near a spring. It was a hole in the hill, exposing the salt deposits naturally present within the hill.

The interesting thing about this salt lick was that it was created – by elephants. According to the guide, elephants ‘know’ if the hill has salt deposits within. So sometimes they gore the hillside with their tusks where the deposit is, to get to the salt. Once they make the salt lick hole, it becomes a focal point for other jungle animals as well.

So, elephants are cool. Taking their tusks are not cool – because then they can’t make the salt licks anymore.

Salt lick | Elephant wisdom | Royal Belum State Park | Belum-Temenggor Forest Complex | Perak tourism | Malaysia nature tourism

Gored by elephants

The Orang Asli village

The final stop was a visit to the aborigine village. I’m embarrassed to admit that I don’t remember which tribe, now.

However, there were a couple of other stops before this.

Lunch by the waterfall

The boat headed to a waterfall where the water streamed over sheets of slate. While it was moored, we ate from the packed lunches that were brought with us.

Aquaculture in Tasik Temenggor | Temenggor lake dam | Royal Belum State Park | Belum-Temenggor Forest Complex | Perak tourism | Malaysia nature tourism

Aquaculture pens

Here the resort fell a bit short on sustainability. The food was all packed in plastic, with plastic cutlery. So all of it went into a great big bag of garbage afterwards. I had my water bottle with me, so I washed and ate with my hands and gave back the cutlery unopened.

When we were done, the boat proceeded to the aborigine village, passing by a few circles of aquaculture pens along the way.

A village shop

We had earlier in the day also stopped by a sort of kampung (=village) by the riverside. I cannot recall the name.

Tasik Temenggor | Temenggor lake dam | Royal Belum State Park | Belum-Temenggor Forest Complex | Perak tourism | Malaysia nature tourism

Down to the jetty

The boat moored at a jetty. There was a long set of steps up a tall riverbank to the village on top. You pass under a lovely flowering arch near the top. Looking back, it made a beautiful frame of the river.

Right by the stairs was a grocery shop. The stop was for us to purchase general household goods as visitor gifts to the Orang Asli whose village we would visit later. I think I chose a bag of rice.

The aborigine village

Orang Asli village | Royal Belum State Park | Belum-Temenggor Forest Complex | Perak tourism | Malaysia tourism

Orang Asli village

I had been to Taman Negara before this, and had already visited a very similar riverside village.

Nipa-thatched roofs rest over little huts sided with woven walls, perched low on stilts. Ducks sat in fluffy contentment with ducklings scampering around, under the houses. An unusually territorial cat hissed at my friendly overtures.

The guide presented the gifts to the village elder, along with anyone who wished to give theirs in person. We were given an overview of the aborigine river life, then were allowed to wander through the village before ending the tour.

And no. No flights of hornbills swept overhead.

The alternative Taman Negara

The Belum-Temenggor forest complex is actually comprised of two contiguous forest – the Belum side, and the Temenggor side.

rafflesia | largest flower in the world | Malaysian rainforest | Temenggor lake | Royal Belum State Park | Belum-Temenggor Complex | Perak | MalaysiaOnly the Belum side is protected, after much campaigning led by the Malaysian Nature Society on the basis of its outstanding biodiversity value, and is now Royal Belum State Park. The Temenggor side still has active logging licenses in operation, even though the two sides are ecologically connected.

Nonetheless, in terms of a nature tourism destination, you might say that Belum rainforest is Perak state’s answer to the older and much more famous Taman Negara in Pahang.

Belum Rainforest resort also hosts a WWF research station, whose camera traps have logged tigers in the forest. They hope that it is a healthy population.

My verdict: If you are keen to sample the Malaysian rainforest but would rather avoid the throng of tourists in Taman Negara, or would like to do so while having the option to stay in much more upscale digs, then Royal Belum State Park would be the place for you.

Getting to Belum Rainforest

Getting to Belum Rainforest Resort is pretty easy, only that it’s quite far from KL, and you probably have to drive it. Hence, you’re looking at a considerable road trip for a long weekend. However, it would make a great stop during a longer Malaysian road tripping holiday, where you would hit multiple off-the-beaten-track locations in the peninsula (highly recommended).

I suggest taking the western route through Perak, since there are a lot of cool stops in Perak, spanning local history, nature of all kinds, culture, colonial heritage, hipster cafes, old towns. The PLUS highway (if you prefer getting on there in between stops) has better R&R amenities as well.

Going through Pahang (and probably Kelantan also) nowadays just breaks my heart. The route has neither the history and old culture, and now it has lost its incredible jungle landscapes too. Plus, because the reason it’s gone is because of being logged and/or turned into oil palm plantations, the roads are often also used by overburdened trucks. So it isn’t even a good drive. Anyway, for all those reasons, skip the route on the right. 

Road trip tip: Elephants of Gerik

The last stretch from Gerik (in northern Perak) has elephant crossing warnings. There are signboards at intervals providing guidance as to what you should do if there are elephants crossing but it’s in Malay. Foreign guests driving to the resort should take note that the signs basically say that you:

  • stop and let them pass,
  • switch off your headlights,
  • do not honk your horn,
  • do not get out of the vehicle.

My nature guide also said that if you have car trouble and might be stranded for a bit, pull in your side mirrors in case you have an elephant encounter while waiting for road assist. The elephants don’t like seeing their reflection. And, when elephants aren’t happy, you won’t be happy. 

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23 Responses

  1. Entertaining post. That part about the guide was hilarious! Us Indians can definitely understand, although the trend is rapidly changing.
    Anyway, what about the smell? All that we have heard about the Rafflesia is that it stinks. Does it stink when in full bloom or during other times too?

    • Teja says:

      No, it didn’t stink! So I guess it must just stink when it is in full bloom. Which makes sense, since that’s when it wants the pollinators to come!

      • Never come across stinky smell of Rafflesia in full bloom. Would be accurate when it dies, it stinks.

        • Teja says:

          Hi there! The Rafflesia stinks when it blooms because its pollinator is attracted to dead flesh – flies, for example. So the flower emits a smell that mimics this to attract the insects. But since I haven’t visited one in bloom I’ve no idea how strong this supposed smell is. It doesn’t really smell like anything when it’s dead, just your basic dried-up vegetation.

  2. Anushka says:

    I always like doing offbeaten path. Belum rainforest pictures looks very interesting, and it’s a the first time I came to know about world’s largest flower..

  3. Lydia Smith says:

    I’m reading of this for the first time. I keep hearing these days that beauty exists where less it is expected. These pictures are really nice and I must admit, your home town is blessed with beauty of nature..

    • Teja says:

      Yeah that’s certainly true. I hope we keep much of it going into the future. Gazetting this particular State Park took many years of campaigning by the Malaysian Nature Society.

  4. I was lucky to see a rafflesia flowering in a botanic garden in Australia – it was called the ‘corpse flower’ and it was HUGE!! It was also a very hot day, so the smell was quite noticeable :D It’s interesting how ”sustainability’ is interpreted differently – often depending on whether or not ‘convenience’ is a factor!! however, it still looks like an interesting place to visit and stay!

    • Teja says:

      Nice! Yeah there’s also another plant, the arum one, also called corpse flower. Also stinky as you can expect.

  5. Iza Abao says:

    I am also interested in accommodations that are doing their best to be ecologically responsible. It was nice that you have found Belum Rainforest Resort.
    I would be happy too if a guide can speak conversational English. The tour is more interesting if you could learn a lot from the tour guide. I am eager to see the rafflesia flower. The photos online of that flower look amazing.
    It was such a shame that the staff used plastics in packing food. Maybe there should be a small restaurant in the village so that tourists can just eat there. Overall, I think you had a good time exploring this place. I would still be eager to visit this place someday.

  6. Sandy N Vyjay says:

    The rainforests are really an experience in themselves anywhere in the world. Recently we were trekking in the rainforests of Africa and the experience was indeed blissful. I am really intrigued by the Raffleasia, I checked it out and was amazed that some species of this flower could be as big as 100 centimetres and weigh 10 kgs!

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